SECOND IN A SERIES OF CALIFORNIA AND MONTANA MINING CAMP BUSINESS HISTORIES
OUR ORIGINAL RESEARCH
REVEALS NAMES OF ALL BUTTE BUSINESSES LICENSED 1867-1879
50 SALOONS 52 HOTELS 19 RESTAURANTS 65 MERCHANTS 5 LIVERIES
GO TO BOTTOM OF PAGE FOR DATA SHOWN ABOVE
“THE RICHEST HILL ON EARTH”
MONTANA RESOURCES STILL MINES IN VICINITY OF BERKELEY PIT
I have logged records from the archives at the Montana Historical Society in Helena,
I surveyed between 30 and 40 thousand MONTANA TERRITORY business license receipts, ending up with more than 4,700 names and locations for mining camp and trail side Hotels, Saloon, Wholesale Liquor Dealer, Eating Houses, Apothecaries and Livery Stables were logged covering the years 1865-1888.
Newly formed Montana Territory, with no other sources of income, in 1865 created a licensing system modeled after the IRS system that was used to fund the Civil War.
LINK TO CIVIL WAR IRS RECORDS AVAILABLE WITH SUBSCRIPTION TO ANCESTRY.COM
OBTAINED FROM THE BLM 140,000 PAGES OF MONTANA MINERAL SURVEY FIELD NOTES
Covering the years 1868-1900. Have done extensive research in the area in and around Butte, Montana, “The Greatest Hill on Earth”. More than 1,200 claims were patented within a few miles of Butte.
The mining law of 1872 required a survey of all claims that any miner wished to patent and obtain “surface rights”. The miner would have already had mineral rights for his claim providing he performed the annual assessment work. We retrace these surveys using the Deputy Mineral Surveyor’s field notes to find precise shaft locations, water ditches, open cuts across the vein, or any structures upon the claims.
BUTTE MONTANA EMMA LODE SURVEYED FOR PATENT 1879
DIMENSION AND DEPTHS OF THE VARIOUS SHAFTS LINES COLORED BLUE ARE DITCHES AND GULCHES
GREEN LINES OF EMMA LODE WERE RECONSTRUCTED FROM FIELD NOTES
MINERAL SURVEY FIELD NOTES RETRACED USING GOOGLE EARTH TOOLS
Precise locations of mining shafts, water ditches, diverted creeks, filled in gulches located
All depressions, ditches, or water courses may have attracted antique bottles, trade tokens, or other gold rush artifacts
Using Google Earth, we retrace these early mineral surveys utilizing field notes generated by U S Deputy Mineral Surveyors. We are long-time bottle collectors and artifact hunters. To increase our chances of artifact recovery we utilize the precise locations and dimensions of shafts, ditches, and other features on patented mining claims entered in these field notes. Research is ongoing in Montana, Nevada, and Arizona.
RESEARCHING OTHER STATES
Considerable mineral survey retracement work has been done in Tombstone, Arizona
Nevada: Comstock Lode, vicinity of Gold Hill
Nevada: Goldfield, Esmeralda County Located ca 1902
We are interested in partnering with serious bottle diggers.
OUTHOUSEPATROL.COM has been featured on the Front Page of the Montana Standard May 23, 2011 Full Color above and below the fold, we are the headline “OUTHOUSE DIGGERS”. Montana Magazine Mar/April 2011 with 4 pages color spread. Other Montana newspapers featuring us were Bozeman Daily Chronicle, The Madisonian, Butte Weekly, and twice in the Boulder Monitor.
REG SHOEMAN mailto:firstname.lastname@example.org
Cell 515 720 0628
HISTORY OF BUTTE MONTANA
The first discovery of placer gold near Butte was on the bend of Silver Bow Creek in 1864. Placer operations were also carried on in the area around Uptown Butte and west to Missoula Gulch. Population was around 500 by 1867. Water was scarce, and the population had dropped to a couple of hundred by 1870.
While the first metal mining was for gold and silver, the real mineral wealth of Montana was found it its copper mines around Butte. Butte began as a mining town in the 19th century in the Silver Bow Creek Valley, a natural bowl sitting high in the Rockies straddling the Continental Divide. Originally only gold and silver were mined in the area, but the advent of electricity caused a soaring demand for copper, which was abundant in the area. The small town soon became one of the most prosperous cities in the country, especially during World War I, and was known as “the Richest Hill on Earth”.
Between 1880 and the early 1990s, Butte produced staggering mineral wealth, including nearly 3 million ounces of gold, 709 million ounces of silver, 855 million pounds of lead, 3.7 billion pounds of manganese, 4.9 billion pounds of zinc, and an incredible 20.8 billion pounds of copper.
To put the copper production in perspective, that much copper would cover an area the size of a standard lode mining claim. 1,500 feet long, 600 feet wide, and reach a height of more than 41 feet.
By the early 1900’s Butte had become the largest city between Chicago and Seattle. Population was more than 100,000.
FREIGHT WAGONS ARRIVING IN HELENA FROM FORT BENTON
1865 license law: Wagons, $10 for each wagon loaded to a value of $1,000 assessed at 1% of excess of $1,000.
LICENSE LAWS OF MONTANA TERRITORY EFFECTIVE FEB. 9, 1865
First- From EACH billiard table kept for public use twenty dollars per quarter
Second- From the manager or lessee of every theatre $5 per day or $50 per month, and for each exhibition of serenaders, opera or concert singers, dance houses, hurdy-gurdy houses, minstrels, sleight-of-hand performers, legerdemarian, and all other performances at the same rate.
Third- All dance houses or hurdy-gurdy houses shall pay $5 per day, or $50 per month. By March 1, 1867 the fee had climbed to $10 per day or $100 per month.
Fourth- Every insurance company $50 per year in 1865, by 1867 the rate was $80 per year May 8, 1873: $150 per year. Fifth- From each pawn broker, $50 per quarter: dropping to $25 per quarter in 1867. Sixth- From each keeper of an intelligence office $15 per quarter: In 1867 the fee rose to $25 per quarter. May 8, 1873: $10 Seventh- From each assayer of minerals or quartz rock $15 per quarter; 1867: $10 per quarter. 1870: $15 May 8, 1873: $10 per quarter, providing he shall work for compensation. Eighth- Each professional man, before practicing as such, all lawyers, surgeons, physicians, dentists and all other professions shall pay a license of $20 per annum, $16 a year by 1867.
Fifth- From each pawn broker, $50 per quarter: dropping to $25 per quarter in 1867.
Sixth- From each keeper of an intelligence office $15 per quarter: In 1867 the fee rose to $25 per quarter. May 8, 1873: $10
Seventh- From each assayer of minerals or quartz rock $15 per quarter; 1867: $10 per quarter. 1870: $15 May 8, 1873: $10 per quarter, providing he shall work for compensation.
Eighth- Each professional man, before practicing as such, all lawyers, surgeons, physicians, dentists and all other professions shall pay a license of $20 per annum, $16 a year by 1867.
Section 2. All keepers of livery and feed stables shall pay a license of $15 per quarter, hay yards for feeding stock or selling hay paid $10 per quarter. 1870: $8 Ranchmen who keep or herd stock for hire were charged $15 per quarter for a license, dropping to $10 by 1867.
Section 3. Relates to selling of bonds, loaning money, dealing in gold dust. $35 to $75 According to business volume.
Section 4. Bankers, $35 to $65 a month, depending on volume of business.
Section 5. Merchants dealing in goods, wares, merchandise, liquors, drugs or medicines: $15 to $50 a quarter, dependent on volume of business. Provided: No liquor and wines sold in quantities less than 1 gallon, but by May 8,1873 law read no quantities less than 1 quart.
Auctioneers: Indoor auctioneers pay $10 per month, outdoors auctions license, $25 per month. Hotels, Inns,
Boarding Houses: $10 per quarter, dropping in 1867 to $4 per quarter if quarterly volume is under $1,000, additional $4 for each $1,000 of business per quarter……..License fee $5 per $1,000 by 1873.
Saloon (Retail Liquor Licenses) $50 per quarter, rate was $15 if within 3 miles of incorporated city or town.
Saloon Effective March 1, 1867 Quantities less than one gallon, $30 per quarter, if 2 miles or more from a town or city, $10 per quarter.
Saloons, Fees changed effective January 6, 1870: Population: 300 or more, $30 per quarter. Population: Less than 300, more than 50, $15 per quarter. Population: no nearer than 3 miles to town, city or village: $8 per quarter.
Saloons, effective May 8, 1873: All saloons where women are kept as waiters, $5 per day or $50 per quarter.
Fees changed May 8, 1873:
Population: 300 or more, or within 1 mile of the limits, $60 per quarter. Population: 100 to 299, $40 per quarter. Population: 40 to 99, $25 per quarter. Population: less than 40, $15 per quarter.
Section 8: Peddler: Every traveling merchant, hawker, or peddler who shall carry a pack or trunk, and shall sell goods or merchandise shall pay a license of $5 per month, doubling to $10 per month by 1867, (1870: $8) every person who sells provisions not raised in the Territory shall pay a license of eight dollars per month.
Section 9: Wagons, pack animals: Carrying goods, wares, merchandise, or provisions not raised by himself in this Territory:
Wagons, $10 for each wagon loaded to a value of $1,000 assessed at 1% of excess of $1,000. By 1867 it was $5 for the first $1,000, ½ of 1% of any excess. 1870, flat fee $5 per per wagon, PER MONTH. As stated above, this section of the law pertains to goods, wares, merchandise, or provisions not raised in the territory.
Pack animals, fee of 25 cents for the first $200, ½ of 1% of any excess. 1870: 50 cents for each pack or load so offered for sale. 1873: $2 per month for each pack animal.
Steamboats, other water craft: Transient merchant to pay fee of ½ of 1% of the value of cargo.
1865 Law: All person with droves of stock coming into the territory shall pay a license of $1 for each head of neat cattle, horses, mules, or asses, and thirty cents for each head of sheep or swine so offered for sale.
1867, Section 10: Any person bringing or procuring to be brought into the Territory any drove or droves of cattle or horses, mules, asses, sheep or swine for sale after the first day of September of each year, shall pay a license tax as follows. For each head of cattle, horses, mules, or asses, fifty cents. For each head of swine, twenty-five cents. For each sheep, ten cents the above not on books in 1870
1867 Laws Sections 12 thru 15
Section 12: Brewer or manufacturer of malt or spirituous liquors, or rectifier of the same, or manufacturer of pop, beer or drinks put up in bottles, shall pay a license of $10 per month. 1870: business over $1,000 per month, $20; under that amount $5 per month.
Section 13: Banking game or other game of chance or gaming table: $50 per month for each house so kept. May 8, 1873: Population greater than 500, $40 per month; population from 100 to 499, $20 per month; in all other places, $10 per month.
Section 14: Butchers, $5 per month, those 2 miles from town and monthly receipts less that $1,000 a month, $5 per quarter.
Section 15: Picture galleries, daguerreotypist, ambrotypist, photographist or other artists,
Additional license requirements effective January 6, 1870
Section 16: That all male persons in this territory who are now, or who may hereafter be, engaged in the laundry business shall pay a license of fifteen dollars per quarter.
Section 17: Every person who shall carry on the lottery, or gift, or prize distribution business within this territory, shall pay five per cent on the amount of property so disposed of.
Section 18: Every keeper of a bowling-alley shall procure a license, and shall pay therefore the sum of five dollars per quarter for each alley so used
Section 19: That any company having a line or lines of telegraph in the territory shall pay a license as follows: On every business office kept in any city, town, or village containing a population of three hundred persons and over shall pay a license of ten dollars per month; all other telegraph offices kept on road or stations, where general business is transacted, shall pay a license of five dollars per month; said license to be procured in the counties where the said offices are established.
BUTTE MONTANA BUSINESS LICENSES 1867-1879
EXCEL DOWNLOAD: BUTTE BUSINESS LICENSES 1867-1879
|Assayer||$10.00||Bennett T A & Davis||05/20/77||10/01/79|
|Assayer||$10.00||Esler A M||03/01/76||10/01/76|
|Assayer||$10.00||Mayer M E||10/01/78||07/01/79|
|Assayer||$10.00||Meyers M E||07/01/77||10/01/78|
|Assayer||$10.00||Packard & Murray||05/29/76||07/25/77|
|Assayer||$10.00||Wineray J R||10/20/75|
|Attorney||$16.00||Forbis J F||12/01/76|
|Attorney||$16.00||Porter B F & Co||07/01/76|
|Attorney||$16.00||Thornton J C||07/01/77|
|Auctioneer||$5.00||Mc Lin J F||07/01/77||08/01/77|
|Baker||$6.00||Boyk Mrs Geo||07/22/78||10/22/79|
|Baker||$6.00||Pfaff & Sherman||07/20/77||07/20/78|
|Baker||$6.00||Rute W J||07/01/79|
|Baker||$6.00||Wetzel J M||07/04/76|
|Bowling Alley||$20.00||Hoffman Jno||06/15/79|
|Brewer||$15.00||Gamer Schmidt & Co||06/11/76||06/20/78|
|Brewer||$15.00||Sample G R||10/04/77|
|Butcher||$21.00||Weibold H C||04/25/68||10/25/68|
|Butcher Peddler||$15.00||Lee Geo W||05/25/76|
|Doctor||$16.00||Beal G W||03/01/76||03/01/78|
|Doctor||$16.00||Hough C P||07/01/79|
|Doctor||$16.00||Whitford O B||07/01/76||07/01/79|
|Gambling||$40.00||King & Lowry||10/01/78||01/01/79|
|Gambling||$20.00||Ten Fuck #6928||09/11/78|
|Girl Waiters & Gaming||$90.00||Stanchfield Geo||12/25/78||01/25/79|
|Hotel||$5.00||Alexander S P||12/20/75|
|Hotel||$10.00||Allen J F||05/10/75||07/06/76|
|Hotel||$5.00||Amidou & Martz||10/15/78|
|Hotel||$10.00||Beal G W||07/04/76||07/03/79|
|Hotel||$10.00||Boyk Mrs G||01/22/79|
|Hotel||$30.00||Butcher & Co||04/16/77||01/16/79|
|Hotel||$15.00||Cable J J||05/14/78||12/01/78|
|Hotel||$5.00||Campbell J A||10/15/77|
|Hotel||$10.00||Coulehan & Johnson||07/19/79|
|Hotel||$5.00||Crissman L R||05/15/79|
|Hotel||$10.00||Driggs A E||04/30/76|
|Hotel||$5.00||Emerson R K||01/01/79|
|Hotel||$10.00||Farlin J H||03/02/76||09/01/79|
|Hotel||$10.00||Fifer M S||05/01/76||01/01/78|
|Hotel||$5.00||Geyer A H||08/06/78||12/06/78|
|Hotel||$5.00||Hines G A||02/01/79|
|Hotel||$5.00||Hinsworth J & S||07/01/75|
|Hotel||$5.00||Lippencot Mrs E B||06/01/76||09/01/77|
|Hotel||$10.00||Lyne & Kimble||03/13/76|
|Hotel||$5.00||Mc Call W W||09/04/76||09/04/77|
|Hotel||$10.00||Mc Elroy B F||01/01/77||07/01/77|
|Hotel||$5.00||Paxton B F||10/20/77|
|Hotel||$15.00||Pfaff & Sherman||05/03/77||02/05/79|
|Hotel||$5.00||Pfifer J P||07/13/79|
|Hotel||$10.00||Shear Mrs C||01/01/79|
|Hotel||$10.00||Stack Mrs Mary||02/18/79||08/18/79|
|Hotel||$5.00||Stanchfield W B||12/15/75||03/25/79|
|Hotel||$15.00||Thompson F M||06/15/79|
|Hotel||$5.00||White Mrs (Colored)||08/01/78|
|Hotel||$5.00||Wissel J C||06/01/78||06/01/79|
|Inn||$4.00||Irvine, C E||01/01/69||01/01/70|
|Lawyer||$16.00||De Wolf S||07/01/79|
|Lawyer||$16.00||Stapleton G W||05/01/79|
|Livery||$20.00||Degan, Ross & Stone||07/01/77||07/01/79|
|Livery||$15.00||Houswirth & Bro||07/01/77||10/01/79|
|Livery||$15.00||Owsley Wm & Valiton||03/15/77||09/15/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Barrett A H||06/01/77||07/09/79|
|Merchant||$5.00||Blair Miss Lottie||05/01/79||11/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Bonner E L||07/01/76||06/15/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Bowes Jno M||09/11/76||08/28/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Bowler F F||07/01/78||09/01/79|
|Merchant||$15.00||Brown & Frank||11/01/78||11/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Bynum C G *||05/08/78||11/10/78|
|Merchant||$10.00||Clark W A||04/01/77|
|Merchant||$45.00||Corkery, J W||09/09/67||12/31/68|
|Merchant||$10.00||Dellinger & Hyde||07/20/77||10/20/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Forbis W P & Wampler||05/10/77||11/10/77|
|Merchant||$10.00||Foster & Ray||04/13/74||07/13/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Foster J H B||10/01/75||04/01/76|
|Merchant||$10.00||Gem Chung Ling||08/18/79|
|Merchant||$15.00||Halderman, D B||11/01/67||07/01/68|
|Merchant||$20.00||Hale Geo T||03/01/77||09/01/79|
|Merchant||$15.00||Halverson C A B & Co||03/12/78||09/12/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Hines & Co||12/12/77|
|Merchant||$10.00||Kenna? & Jack||07/15/77||01/15/78|
|Merchant||$20.00||Kinna & Jack||07/15/78||10/15/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Long J V||07/01/79|
|Merchant||$20.00||Marchesseau & Valiton||01/22/77||07/24/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Marks L & Son||07/07/79|
|Merchant||$5.00||Newell Mrs E L||06/22/78||03/22/79|
|Merchant||$15.00||Parchen & D’ Acheul||06/01/78||12/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Read Root & Co||11/25/77|
|Merchant||$15.00||Renshaw R M||10/01/78|
|Merchant||$5.00||Singer J C||04/01/79||10/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Song ? J||01/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Stanchfield Lizzie E Mrs *||01/01/79||10/01/79|
|Merchant||$20.00||Stanly, Geo W||04/19/68|
|Merchant||$5.00||Swiger J C C||10/01/78||04/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Thomas J D||11/01/78||11/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Triesberger & Boardman||02/07/79||08/07/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Trobridge C B||02/06/79|
|Merchant||$5.00||Warfield Mrs O?||07/04/79|
|Merchant||$20.00||Weibold H C||03/08/68||05/01/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Wetzel J M||07/04/76|
|Merchant||$10.00||Woodward W *||11/09/75||08/20/79|
|Merchant||$10.00||Wright W C||07/04/78|
|Merchant||$10.00||You Foo Kee||08/15/77||11/17/79|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Bailey Mrs J C||08/01/79|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Boies C H||12/01/77|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Cavanaugh Mrs M||07/01/79|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Hughes Mrs C||07/01/79|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Kelley Mrs L||11/15/78|
|Restaurant||$10.00||Mc Carty & Co||08/01/78|
|Restaurant||$10.00||Mc Lean W||11/13/78|
|Restaurant||$10.00||Rute W J||07/01/79|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Shear P S||09/12/78|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Tarbel Mrs D||01/01/79|
|Restaurant||$5.00||Tuttle Mrs H||01/20/79||07/20/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Allen J S||12/13/78|
|Saloon||$60.00||Barbeau & Cusson||08/05/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Cusson & Nadeau||07/03/78||01/03/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Daly & Stack||05/24/78||10/15/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Fisher George E Brothers||07/17/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Fitchen G C||10/05/78||10/05/79|
|Saloon||$15.00||Foster & Ray||04/13/74||04/13/76|
|Saloon||$25.00||Foster J H B||10/01/75||04/01/76|
|Saloon||$15.00||Gamer Schmidt & Co||07/01/77||09/20/78|
|Saloon||$60.00||Hauser C B||10/05/78||10/05/79|
|Saloon||$25.00||Hinsworth J & S||07/01/75|
|Saloon||$60.00||Kauffman & De Leland||08/16/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||King & Lowry||08/01/78||12/01/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Mc Mahan P||08/16/77|
|Saloon||$60.00||Mitchell Mrs E||04/19/77||01/19/78|
|Saloon||$60.00||Newkirk George W||08/01/77||10/14/79|
|Saloon||$40.00||Noonan N A||08/23/78||05/23/79|
|Saloon||$17.00||Onsley & Carver||03/24/69||03/24/70|
|Saloon||$60.00||Pfifer J P||01/01/79||10/13/79|
|Saloon||$40.00||Poziansky? A J||11/28/75|
|Saloon||$60.00||Ray & Mc Cormick||06/25/78||03/25/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Saile & Buol||08/05/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Schmidt & Garner||07/01/79|
|Saloon||$15.00||Schmidt & Saile||06/11/76||09/11/77|
|Saloon||$60.00||Small & Brown||09/27/78||03/27/79|
|Saloon||$25.00||Small C A (RACE TRACK)||07/04/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Talbot & Newkirk||04/17/76||05/01/78|
|Saloon||$60.00||Taylor Fred J||06/03/78||04/18/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Thompson & Mc Elroy||06/22/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Todd G W||06/01/78||03/01/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Trowbridge C B||11/24/78||08/24/79|
|Saloon||$15.00||Van Sickle A||09/20/73|
|Saloon||$60.00||Waldron Mrs C||06/01/79||12/01/79|
|Saloon||$40.00||Weibold H C||03/08/68||08/01/79|
|Saloon||$60.00||Wilson & Givin||09/01/77||03/01/78|
|Show||$4.00||Joe Taylor Show 2 Nights||11/07/78|
|Soda Factory||$10.00||Wilson William||07/01/78||10/01/79|
|Stable||$15.00||Ransom & Pickering||11/01/67||09/16/68|
|Water Ditch||$20.00||Barnard A W||06/30/72|