FIRST IN A SERIES OF CALIFORNIA AND MONTANA MINING CAMP BUSINESS HISTORIES

ORIGINAL RESEARCH AND COURTESY OF OUTHOUSEPATROL.COM ANTIQUE BOTTLES ARTIFACT HUNTERS  COLLECTORS RESEARCHERS MINERAL SURVEY RETRACEMENT    

 

JACKSON CALIFORNIA

HOTELS      SALOONS          LIVERIES     BREWERS   EATING HOUSES    APOTHECARIES

 

 

IRS BUSINESS LICENSES 1863&1866

 

NATIONAL HOTEL BUILT ON SITE OF LOUISIANA HOUSE THAT BURNED IN 1862

BORDELLO IN THE 1860’S JOHN WAYNE LOST $50,000 IN A POKER GAME HERE 1960

 

ALL CALIFORNIA BUSINESS LICENSE DATA COMPILED FROM DEPARTMENT OF INTERNAL REVENUE RECORDS

 

WE HAVE RESEARCHED EXISTING 1860’S IRS RECORDS OF ALL MAJOR GOLD PRODUCING AREAS OF CALIFORNIA

2,600 California Gold Country Business Licenses have been located, available with ancestry.com subscription Link Below

DATA IS SEARCHABLE BY NAME, BUT NOT BY LOCATION OR BUSINESS TYPE

 While many tens of thousands of pages of early IRS data has been available for a number of years online with a subscription to ancestry.com, the only way to “recreate the history” of many mining camps, towns, and cities of the 1860’s era  is to go name by name page by page and rebuild the history of that particular area. 

Courthouse deed indexes are examined to check and see if the business operators name appears in the deed records. If so then we have pinpointed location down to lot and block, or a larger parcel of land in more rural areas.  In the western mining areas, however, the miners predated the land surveyors so lots and block numbers may not be indicated on the deed.

In  Iowa and the states to the east, the land surveyors predated the settlers by 10 years or more in most cases. These towns were laid out into lots and blocks  before the first resident, not after. Many of the deeds will match the names entered by the IRS tax man.

Our research between 2010-2018, in the states of California, Idaho, Iowa, Montana, and Nevada has revealed the name, business type, and location of more than 11,000 hotels, saloons, wholesale liquor dealers, brewers, livery stables, apothecaries, and eating house operators.

https://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=1264,

Prior to researching the California IRS data, my first large project was a 3 year trip through between 30 and 40 thousand pages of business license receipts of Montana Territory.  MORE THAN 4,700 BUSINESS OPERATORS NAMES AND LOCATIONS COVERING 1865-1886 came to the surface with this research.

Newly formed  Montana Territory, in 1865, created a licensing system modeled after the IRS system used to generate funds to pay for the Civil War.

Please contact us for more information regarding our huge database of California and Nevada business licenses. I can research all western state using mineral survey field notes available from the Bureau of Land Management.  Business license data exists in IRS data bases except for much or most of the states in the Confederacy. Ohio data does not appear to exist.

 

We are interested in partnering with serious bottle diggers.

OUTHOUSEPATROL.COM has been featured on the Front Page of the Montana Standard May 23, 2011 Full Color above and below the fold, we are the headline “OUTHOUSE DIGGERS”.  Montana Magazine Mar/April 2011 with 4 pages color spread. Other Montana newspapers featuring us were Bozeman Daily Chronicle, The Madisonian, Butte Weekly, and twice in the Boulder Monitor.

 

Contact me, REG SHOEMAN at mailto:outhousepatrol@yahoo.com

Cell Number 515 720 0628

 

CALIFORNIA COUNTIES  IRS RECORDS SURVEYED

Amador, Butte, Calaveras, El Dorado, Nevada, Placer, Plumas, Sacramento, Shasta, Sierra, Siskiyou, Sierra

1863 RECORDS FOR ABOVE COUNTIES SHOW

286 HOTELS, 1048 SALOONS (RETAIL LIQUORS), 17 WHOLESALE LIQUOR, 55 LIVERY STABLES, 50 EATERIES, 14 APOTHECARIES (SEE CHART BELOW)

FUNDING THE CIVIL WAR

The Civil War income tax was the first tax paid on individual incomes by residents of the United States. It was a “progressive” tax in that it initially levied a tax of 3 percent on annual incomes of $600 but less than $10,000 and a tax of 5 percent on any income of $10,000. In 1864 the rates and the ceiling dropped so that incomes between $600 and $5,000 were taxed at 5 percent, with a 10 percent rate on the excess over $5,000.     Annual licenses were required for bankers, auctioneers, wholesale and retail dealers, pawnbrokers, tobacconists, jugglers, confectioners, horse dealers, peddlers, apothecaries, photographers, lawyers, and physicians.                                                                                                                                                                                                             

Hotels, Inns, and taverns were classified according to the annual rent or estimated rent, from a first-class establishment with a yearly rental of $10,000 to an eighth-class hotel with a yearly rental of less than $100, charged license fees $200 to $5 accordingly. Eating houses paid $10 per year for a license.

 

HISTORY OF JACKSON, AMADOR COUNTY CALIFORNIA

In 1854 Amador County was created, named after native Californian Jose Maria Amador. Amador County’s largest city is Jackson, founded in 1848. The early gold rush camp, like others located along Highway 49, destroyed by fire in 1862. The city was rebuilt with as many as 42 of the Civil War era structures still standing along main street. The town originally carried the name Bottileas given by the Mexican and Chilean miners. These miners were apparently impressed with the large numbers of bottles discarded around the spring. The site of the original well is memorialized by a plaque behind the National Hotel at the foot of main street.

 

GOLD COUNTRY BUSINESS DENSITY BY COUNTY 1863

 

 

1863 HOTELS RETAIL LIQ WHO LIQ LIVERY EATERY APOTHECARY
Amador 17 131 1 9 7
Butte 51 116 5 4 5
El Dorado 46 109 1
Nevada 53 170 9 9 9 5
Placer 23 131 2 7 11 2
Shasta 11 66 3 2
Sierra 52 168 14 2 2
Yuba 9 14 1
Calaveras 23 138 9 14 3
Sacramento 1 5
              286 1048 17 55 50 14

AMADOR COUNTY BUSINESS LICENSES ISSUED TOWNS & TRAILSIDE BUSINESSES

 7h Ranch, Amador City, Aqueduct City, Buena Vista, Butte City, Clinton, Copper Hill, Dash Store, Dayton, Drytown, Enterprise, Fiddletown, Forest Home, Forest House, Gabe, Huntsville, Indian Creek, Ione City, Ione Valley, Jackson, Jackson Gate, Lower Rancheria, Mineral City, Mountain Springs, Mount E? Gulch, Muletown, Newtonville, Pine Grove, Pokerville, Ranchirien, Rich Bar, Slabtown, Sutter Creek, Township Number 1, Volcano, Willow Springs         Have ownership, business type, for all above.

                                                      JACKSON IRS BUSINESS LICENSES ISSUED 1863&1866
Download : JACKSON CALIFORNIA IRS BUSINESS LICENSES 1863&1866

COUNTY TOWN YEAR NAME BUSINESS FEE
Amador Jackson 1863 Ah Chong & Co Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Ah Chow Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Ah Ping Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Ah Ping Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Ah Pung Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Ah Pung Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Ah Sam Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Ah Why Eating House $6.67
Amador Jackson 1866 Allen H W Hotel $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Allen H W Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Allen H W Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Antipia Rocca Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Aros Longhena Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Ballows Santer Liquor Retail $20
Amador Jackson 1863 Beritt Julius Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Borger Phelps Brewer $16.67
Amador Jackson 1866 Brandt & White Eating House $10
Amador Jackson 1866 Brandt & White Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Brummel M Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Brummel M Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Caminetta B Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Carmenite B Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Carroll J Hotel $16.67
Amador Jackson 1863 Carroll J Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Carroll James Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Chan Sing & Co Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Chichazola A Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Coney Leonard Apothecary $10
Amador Jackson 1866 Davis & Durham Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Evans & Askey Hotel $15
Amador Jackson 1866 Evans & Askey Hotel $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Evans & Askey Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Evans & Askey Liquor Retail $20
Amador Jackson 1863 Foo Kee Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Foo Kee Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Genochis Henry Liquor Wholesale $50
Amador Jackson 1863 Ginochio Henry & Co Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Girdet Mrs C Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Hammond C T Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Hoffman F Livery $6.67
Amador Jackson 1866 Ingalls C H Apothecary $10
Amador Jackson 1863 Keshler A Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Krus George Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Kurezyn Charles Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Laird John Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Lejune C Eating House $6.67
Amador Jackson 1863 Lejune C Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Lelippe J Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Levinsky Bros Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Lunsky Bros Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Morcean Romald Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Muldoon Edward Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Palmer E Livery $10
Amador Jackson 1863 Palmer E C Livery $6.67
Amador Jackson 1863 Roberts Wm Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Rocca F Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Rogus & Kaffe Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Rogus John Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Sanguinetti B &Co Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Sauguenitta B Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Schlachter Wm Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Steckler & Mathis Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 Stickler Charles Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Sung Lee Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1863 Tellie Louis Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Tie Whah Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Trenschel A Brewer $16.67
Amador Jackson 1863 Trull Henry Hotel $33.33
Amador Jackson 1863 Trull Henry Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 White & Brandt Eating House $6.67
Amador Jackson 1863 White & Brandt Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1863 White George Liquor Retail $13.33
Amador Jackson 1866 White George Liquor Retail $25
Amador Jackson 1866 Wright & Davis Liquor Retail $20
Amador Jackson 1863 Yet Chin Eating House $6.67